Texas Drivers Education – Existing Programs and Most Up-to-Date Amendments

Texas drivers education consists of a series of procedures suitable for everyone – private or commercial drivers ed instructors, parent-taught programs, driver courses for adults, traditional or internet based programs, but you are expected to be aware of the fact that every driver training instructor, school or course supplier is, regardless of being private or commercial, has to be certified by the Driver Training Division and the Texas Department of Public Safety.

One has to meet the legal requirements so as to earn a driving license – your age should be at least 16 or, if not, having used the learner's authorization for a minimum of 6 months; that is why, a lot of teens initiate their legal driving education at the age of 15, so that before being aged 16, having a lot of time to drive under the attention of a tutor.

There are particular patterns you need to be concerned about before enrolling in a driving school's courses, regarding driving regulations and conditions, new amendments and laws:

* every new driver in Texas driving education courses must earn more experience in driving before becoming a legal driver (81st Texas legislature, Less Tears More Years Act, from September 1, 2009) Young drivers have to receive a supplementary 20 hours of driving time, therefore increasing the compulsory driving hours from 14 to 34. These hours have to be certified by a tutor or guardian before a young driver may proceed to stage 2 of Texas' Graduated Driver Licensing program, and must add a minimum of ten hours at nighttime. This amendment is relevant to both parent taught and common Texas drivers education course.

* also, Driving Bill 2730, effective since September 1, 2009 denotes that all drivers under 18 years old must complete a driving test, meaning that once you complete a Texas drivers education course, you have to take a drivers test at your local DPS office so as to receive your drivers license;

* as indicated by the law, if you are a student that has applied for the Parent-Taught Driver Education Course before November 1, 2009 and has not earned the driving license yet, the Department of Public Safety in Texas will permit you to finish the course, but you are not able to attend Course 101 if you registered in or after November 1, 2009;

* according to the Texas law, persons agreed between 18 and 25 who wish to become authorized drivers have to complete a six hour driver education program exclusively designed for adults or finish a minor and adult driver education course that is a component of the Texas drivers instruction course (effective March 1, 2010); Texas drivers education is composed by two differentiated instruction departments: behind-the-wheel instruction and drivers ed coursework.

The parent-taught program is addressed to teens aged between 14 and 17, deals with both student and parent, and the tutor or guardian must monitor in-car driving and sign-off the completion of each objective. A teen applicant for a Texas drivers education program is able to initiate the training at the age of 14, but is not able to achieve the learner's authorization before age.

Driving Under the Influence for Minors in Texas

As driving schools throughout Texas are doing their best to highlight; the Lone Star State does have issues with drunk driving. For the past several years, Texas has led the country in drunken driving fatalities. Texas is also the only state in the country to consistently clear 1,000 fatalities (1,235 in 2009, 1,258 in 2010, and 1270 in 2011). These statistics aren’t even including alcohol related injury and property damage, which are numbers that climb even higher.

The truth that must be confronted is that Texas has a clear problem with intoxication and driving. Driving schools continue to teach and inform the gravity of the ever increasing drunk driving penalties. Good habits begin in driving school and stretch into the future, as roughly 15% of drunken driving fatalities are due to the impairment of a driver under 21 years old (the legal drinking limit). Harsher laws have been developed in an attempt to curb the increasing mortalities; laws that can severely debilitate a young driver’s financial and driving independence. The following is a rundown of some of the underage drinking and driving laws in Texas, and how those laws can make things harder for a minor who runs the risk and is caught.

Zero Tolerance

Firstly, Texas is a Zero Tolerance state. This means that if a minor who is pulled over under suspicion is found to have ANY DETECTABLE amount of alcohol in their system, they have immediately committed a DUIA (Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol) crime; even if their BAC is under the legal limit. As a minor, they should have no contact with alcohol to begin with, thus driving while drinking any amount is that much more serious.

The Test

When pulled over, the minor will be asked to submit to a breathalyzer test to check their BAC. Once again, if any BAC level is blown, the minor will be charged. However, refusing the test could be much worse. Refusing the breathalyzer, blood test, or field sobriety test will result in IMMEDIATE license suspension for a minimum of 120 days, with suspension increasing for a second and third offense. On top of the suspension, the minor can be placed in jail and held until bond is made or they appear before a magistrate of Juvenile Court.


The penalties themselves are very much reliant on oh the judge’s discretion, though there are definite benchmarks of minimum and maximum. The givens laws for DUIA offenses are:

1st Offense DUIA – Class C misdemeanor with up to a $500.00 fine and between 20-40 hours community service. Driver’s license can be suspended for up to a full year, and completion of an Alcohol Awareness Course at driving school is required. If the minor is under 18, their parent may be required to take the course as well.

2nd Offense DUIA – Class C misdemeanor with up to a $500.00 fine and between 40-60 hours community service. License suspension for up to a full year as well as the Alcohol Awareness Course is required.

3rd Offense DUIA – If the driver is under 17, the DUIA is filed as “Delinquent Conduct.” Punishment is up to a $500.00 fine and between 40-60 hours community service. License will be suspended until the minor is 19 years or older

– If the minor is 17 years or older, the DUIA is a class B misdemeanor that carries a fine of at least $500.00 up to $2,000.00, 40-60 hours community service, and up to 180 days in jail.

The trouble simply is not worth the risk. Thousands of adults and children meet their end each year due to a preventable drunken driving accident. These laws are in place to deter and prevent fatalities so that we can begin to chip away at these regrettable statistics. For more information, contact your local driving school. And remember, Zero Tolerance.

Texas Hold Tournament Strategy – Poker Tournament Betting Basics

Welcome to the third in my Texas Holdem Strategy Series, focusing on no limit Texas Holdem poker tournament play and associated strategies. In this article, we'll build up the poker tournament strategy fundamentals from last time, with some important poker betting strategy basics.

Winning at Texas Holdem poker does not have to be a gamble, since it's actually a game of skill. Of course, there will always be an element of chance, but there's a lot more strategy and skill to poker than meets the untrained eye. When you learn to play the odds properly, it can make a huge difference in your winnings.

No limit Texas Holdem is the game of choice these days – and for good reason. The fact that anyone can decide to push a large raise or all of their chips into the pot by going "all-in" at any moment, adds an exciting dimension to the game. Unlike limit Texas Holdem, where each round of betting takes place in prescribed, fixed increments, no limit Texas Holdem is as varied as the players at the table, since everyone chooses their own betting style and approach.

When playing no limit Texas Holdem, you're faced with some important decisions. Arguably, the most important decision you'll make is how much to bet in a given set of circumstances; eg, hand strength, your position at the table, total number of players, their styles, etc. There are many different betting strategies, but one of the first things to learn and pay close attention to are "pot odds" and if you have a positive "expectation" to win.

You have a positive expectation whenever the odds favor you winning more than you're wagering at anything greater than 1 to 1 odds. For example, when flipping a coin, there is a 50/50 chance of it coming up either heads or tails. If you flip a coin enough times, both heads and tails will come up an equal number of times.

Casino games, such as craps, blackjack, slot machines, etc. all give the player a "negative" expectation and the casino a positive expectation. If you play these types of "gambling" games long enough, you will absolutely lose, since the game's odd structure is never in your favor – negative expectation. People who experience "hot streaks" also have losing streaks (they just usually quickly forget about the losing and do not discuss it). When you're making a wager, you've always preferred to have a positive expectation. This is generally true in poker, but not necessarily always in no-limit poker. I'll explain why.

Pot Odds are the odds the pot is giving you for making a bet. Let's say there is $ 50 in the pot and it'll take $ 10 more to call – you're getting 5-to-1 pot odds to call, since if you win you'll be paid $ 50 in exchange for risking only $ 10. For purposes of this decision, any amounts you previously placed into this pot are irrelevant, since they're already expired and gone (if you fold).

It's essential to understand pot odds as it relates to your hand odds, as one key factor in making your betting decisions. If the odds of you holding or drawing to the winning hand are better than the odds the pot is giving you, you should call or even sometimes raise; otherwise, you should typically fold (unless you're going to bluff, a different story).

Continuing this example, let's say you're holding a pair of fives, and the board flops 9, K, 2 "rainbow" (no flush draw, different suits). With 9 players at the table, it's certainly possible and likely that someone else holds a King or a Nine, or both, making your 5's look pretty flimsy at this point. Your best shot to win is to draw another 5. There are two more 5's remaining out of the 47 cards that you can not see (in the deck or in another player's hand).

So, the odds of pulling that next 5 on the turn or river are: 2 in 47 (2/47 = about 4%) on the Turn, plus another 2 in 46 on the River (an additional 4%), for a total of roughly 8.6%, which equates to a 1-in-11.6 chance of pulling that third 5 to make a set. Since the pot is only giving 5-to-1 odds, it's generally time to fold. Otherwise, you'd just be "gambling" with a highly negative expectation of losing that additional $ 10. In no limit Texas Holdem, players will often raise the pot adequately to actually lower your pot odds so far that you can not possibly justify staying in the hand – at least not statistically.

Obviously you can not sit there in a real poker room with a calculator and run through all of these pot odds calculations while at the table! So, how does one learn poker odds well enough to apply them in real-time? Well, it starts by seeing the poker odds repeatedly, in a context that's suitable for you to learn and eventually retain them. A poker odds calculator is a piece of add-on software that runs on your PC, monitoring your actual online play. A poker odds calculator computes the prospective hands you and your opponents are capable of drawing at any point in time. It then displays all possible hands you and the opponents could draw, teaching you what the odds of making that kind of hand would be.

This makes it easy to see what's going on, and since a poker odds calculator shows the poker odds right there in front of you while you play, you'll begin to learn them, making it semi-automatic, so you do not even think about poker odds any more – you just know them. So, the first step is learning and internalizing these "hand odds". Then, you can quickly calculate pot odds anytime you'd like.

Calculating pot odds requires you to pay close attention to the game, a key trait of good poker tournament players. Unlike playing online, where the total size of the pot is easy to determine (the online Texas Hold poker program typically shows the pot amount right there on the screen for you), when you play in traditional offline poker tournaments, you must keep track of the pot size and chip count yourself, so you can estimate the pot odds and your best betting options.

Pot odds became especially interesting as the blinds and antes increase as the tournament progresses. Let's say there are 10 players at your table, and the poker tournament structure has you at $ 25 antes with $ 200 / $ 400 blinds. That's a total of $ 850 that's sitting thre in each and every pot before anyone even places their first bet! So, before you even look at your hand, you know that the minimum bet is $ 400, so you'll need a good hand (with roughly 1 in 2 odds or better) in order to simply break even.

At this point, people will be angling to "steal the blinds" by placing a hefty bet, typically at least two times the big blind, or $ 800, in order to make the pot odds so unattractive that everyone just folds. Therefore, the first player to act often makes off with the booty, since the pot odds become even less attractive and most everyone has not made a good enough hand to call. Of course, this can definitely backfire …

Let's say the first player to bet raises to $ 800 in an attempt to steal the blinds, making the total pot now $ 1,650. Let's say that a second player then calls with another $ 800, boosting this pot to $ 2,450. To get in on the action, you've only need to call with $ 800, which means if you win the hand you're getting a better better than 3 to 1 on your money. If it's the Flop and you are one card short of making a king-high flush, then your hand odds are roughly 1-in-3. This would be "even money" if you joined in on this basis alone; However, you're holding a King and there's a King on the board from the Flop, so you now have a better than 1 in 3 chance of winning – a positive expectation! You place your $ 800 bet, so now the pot sits at $ 3,250.

You should generally make this bet, since it will yield a good return and you have the high pair (Kings), plus a flush draw, thereby improving your odds even further. Let's say there was an Ace also showing, making your Kings second best pair. In this case, it time to fold because you have a less than a 1 in 3 chance of winning this hand, and if you continued throwing money at this pot, you'll end up "pot-committed" and beaten by a pair of Aces (there's usually at least one player in 10 hanging in there with an Ace hole card).

So, let's say the last player to act goes "All-in" – after we've put our $ 800 in this pot. Now what? The first reaction should be – what kind of hand * could * this player actually hold? If the player is a relatively tight or solid player, chances are they made a set or an Ace high flush. It's always possible they're bluffing, but very unknowingly if they're a good player, since there are already far too many people in this pot and it's probably they'd get called with a real hand when bluffing.

So, what's happened to our pot odds? Let's say they went all-in with $ 5,000, pushing this pot up to $ 8,250. If you call with $ 5,000, you're now only getting a 8.25 to 5 return, or roughly 1.65 to 1 – especially unattractive under the circumstances with highly negative expectation and so many players in this hand, further reducing your chances of winning. Therefore, everyone will likely just fold; unless they have a very strong hand plus a great draw (some outs).

There's clearly a lot more to poker betting strategy, including position and acting first vs. last. Generally speaking, though, if you're going to take a shot at that pot, and you're in a position to act first, there's a good chance everyone else will fold; however, you'd better think carefully about the pot odds the opponents will be getting after your bet is in there.

If your bet modifies the pot size such that it improves their pot odds (by limping in with just a small bet), you're actually encouraging the opponents to hang in there with you, since they still have a good, positive (and improving ) expectation level. If you bet enough, such as two to three times the size of the big blind, you'll be reducing their pot odds enough to swing into a negative expectation, so they'll be much more likely to fold. It's really important to think your bet amounts through and understand the pot odds implications of your betting.

When you make such a play at the pot, it's ideal to have some kind of hand, along with a good draw. If you find yourself short-stacked, then this may be as good as it gets. Bluffing will be covered more thoroughly in a later article, but at this point it would be great to have at least a small pair, as well as a good straight or flush draw (since you'll also have the potential to make a set of trips, too). In this situation, you have so many good "outs" that your small pair begins to look a lot stronger, and your hand odds acceptable enough to go on a "semi-bluff" at this pot.

So, these are the basics of Texas Holdem poker tournament betting strategy that you should know and practice (the other good players do). Knowing your basic hand odds and being capable of quickly calculating pot odds are essential to making intelligent betting decisions under fire in poker tournaments, and regular ring game and limit play for that matter. A good poker odds calculator will help you learn the hand odds, and along with practicing calculating your pot odds, you'll be making better decisions and getting the best of it the next time you play Texas Hold poker.

In the next article, we'll explore a popular Texas Holdem poker tournament format – the Sit & Go poker tournament. Until then, have fun. And as always – good luck!


Best Places to Watch the Sunset in Texas

What could be more mesmerizing than watching the day turn into night as the sky turns orange mimicking the golden sun, wishing you goodnight? Well, everyone loves a sunset and as a traveler, we are all looking for a dramatic end to our day. Texas, a state that boasts of such spots from where you can enjoy the gorgeous sunsets, "Oh" or "wow" are the only two words that you while while watching a sunset. Book WestJet Airlines flights or Spirit Airlines flights which fly to various destinations in the state all year through.

Truly, sunsets that stretch across the Texan Sky stands among the most fantastic sunsets in the world. If you are looking for the best spots to see a Texan sunset or snapping that perfect photograph, then add these spots to your bucket list.

Mount Bonnell – A major tourist attraction in Austin, Mount Bonnell is the perfect spot from where you can admire the Texan sunset. You can check out the magical colors of the sky once the sunset occurs. Breathtaking views of Lady Bird Lake and the mansions located on the edge of the water add more beauty to the setting sun.

Gulf Coast (Rockport) – When the Texan sunset creates a reflection on the waters of the bay, you feel like you are in the heaven. This spot offers a nice view of the changing colors of the sky that create a memorable moment to be cherished for a lifetime. Look for various WestJet Airlines flight deals or Spirit Airlines flight deals to make your Texas trip a perfect one.

Big Bend National park – Big Bend National Park is famous for its diverse landscape that enterprises of rivers, mountains and a grassland. It is one of the most beautiful national parks in the country. You can also hike up to the mountain to experience the perfect view. With the sun going, it's a sight to behold.

Rockwall – Do not miss the opportunity to witness a beautiful sunset at Rockwall. Check out some last minute flight deals and explore yet another spot in Texas from where you can have a great view of the sunset against the water. Visitors can enjoy a scenic view of the sunset from land or go for a boat-tour during sunset.

El Paso – To experience a different scenery, just visit El Paso's. Here you will experience some magnificent color changes in the sky, during sunset. El Paso is the perfect spot to experience a desert sunset. You can walk or drive through the outsirts; or hike to the top of the Mountains for the best view.

Texas Holdem Poker

Poker has become a very popular game in the past few years since the media has been focusing on poker and televising things like Celebrity Poker. The big rage has become playing poker online instead of playing in a casino.
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One of the most popular styles of poker that is played both online and offline is Texas Holdem poker. This style of poker is quite easy to play and many people enjoy playing it. If you have never played poker before then you may want to start with a simple game such as Texas Holdem poker.
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Texas Holdem poker starts out with each player having two cards. After players look at their cards bets are placed and then the dealer deals out a flop of 3 cards. With the goal of the game being making the best hand possible with your cards and the community cards betting will take place again, or you can decide to fold out your hand if you do not thing you have a chance.
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After that round of betting the fourth card, called the turn card, is then dealt. Once again there is betting where people can call, raise, or fold. Then the last card, called the river card is deal out. This is the last card deal and there is betting again after it is deal. Often the betting can get quite expensive at this point and folding is a good idea if you have nothing in your hand. The winner is the person who ends up having the best hand at the table.
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There are a variety of websites that offer Texas Holdem poker if you are interested in playing. It is reliably easy and there are many people who enjoy playing the game. If you enjoy Texas Holdem poker there is a lot of money to be won online.

Poker Strategies – Perfect For Texas Hold’em

In Poker, the game 'Texas Holdem' needs to be played with smart poker strategies.

For the beginners, this poker game has a practical stance with some disastrous implications.

An important thing for the beginners to know is that the poker hands shown on television shows do not well represent an ideal poker player.
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All the famous poker players like Ted Williams, Magic Johnson and others have spent hours on the basic poker fundamentals and they do follow smart poker strategies. In fact, they devote more time for the improvement of those areas in which they are not much good.

Like any other poker game, 'Texas Hold'em' has some basics that are not very obvious, but these basics must be mastered by the players as part of the poker strategy for achieving excellence.


The first poker strategy that comes is – Discipline . It does not matter what special skills you have if you do not have discipline. It is always good to work hard on the discipline.

The Bets – The bet is the most important element in poker. We can refer the 'Chips' as protons or electrons, but a bet is the basic block of everything that takes place in poker be it good or bad. All the ring games in poker revolve around the bet place by the players. (The case of Tournaments is different.
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In tournaments, surviving and being the only winner is a concept that does not relate to the ring games.) In Texas Hold'em, but you try to achieve the best of it on the bet you place. In this game, a player wagers money, he places bets, with a suggested and analyzed favorable anticipation. Although it does involve aiming to win the pots, however this is not the main goal of a player, so the whole efforts should not be focused on this.
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It does not matter whether a player wins or loses, the main motto is to get the money in. So, do not worry about the unimportant things, instead focus on doing the right thing.

The Blinds – Poker is a game of a continuously thinking player. In Poker when the bets are placed without thinking wisely either by bad or good players is not a good thing, a bet is the basic money at the stake. A wise player who believes in playing with poker strategies, should play the game with complete focus on the bets he places thoughtlessly.
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Now if you have placed the bet without thinking much, then apply this poker strategy – attack the bad players as well as the blinds. In Texas Hold'em, the thoughtful players have an edge when compared to the semi-thoughtful players. Actually the thoughtful players have terrible edges for their bets they place thoughtlessly. Do not forget his 'Thoughtful' poker strategy.

Limit vs No Limit – No Limit 'Texas Holdem' tournament poker is different from Limit 'Texas Holdem' ring game poker.
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Most of the winning tactics that are used by the players in 'No Limit' are either useless in the Limit 'Texas Hold'em' ring games. Here's reference works well – "The chainsaws may be good to things in a better way, but for some tasks, the butter-knives are perfect solution. cut butter ".

Starting Hands – One poorly considered conecpt of Texas Hold'em that the most beginners have is that they focus correspondingly on the starting hand groups.
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Texas Holdem is game that is more of a post-flop rather than a pre-flop, but the beginners fixate on believing the starting hands guidelines. You completely miss the main game point when you play without understanding why you are playing a specific hand. And also you should know properly that how you intend to play it after different flops.
So, always learn how and of course, why play hands. It is simple – learning how to play this complex game means you actually start understanding the reasons for "what" you are doing.

Become smart enough to make intelligent decisions. By following the above poker strategies, you will certainly win the game. Best of Luck !.

Texas Holdem Poker Rules – The Best Way To Learn Holdem Poker

Texas Holdem has become the most popular version of poker,

and is played by billions of people all around the world.

The rules for Texas Holdem Poker are fairly easy to pick up

on, and the best way to learn Texas Holdem Poker Rules is

to jump in and start playing with people who are willing to

teach you! If you don’t know anyone who can teach you the

Rules for Texas Holdem Poker, then you can play for free on

any number of online poker websites and learn both rules and


A standard 52 card deck is used to play. Most Texas

Holdem Poker Rules start with the two players immediately

to the left of the dealer button, which rotates clockwise

around the table. Before the cards are dealt, the two

players to the left of the dealer are required to put their

small and large “blinds” into the pot (a predetermined

amount of money that ensures there is always money in play

for each hand.)

Rules for Texas Holdem Poker indicate that each player is

dealt two cards face down and betting begins. Players may

call, raise or fold. Once all players have had their turn,

the dealer will discard the top card (called the “burn”

card) just to be sure no one saw this card, and then puts

out three community cards, called the flop, face up in the

center of the table. Another round of betting occurs. A

total of five community cards will be turned up on the

table and the players are able to use any combination of

five cards from their own two cards and the five on the

table to create the best five-card hand.

After the betting on the flop, the dealer will burn a card

and flip another community card, called the “turn”. Texas

Holdem Poker rules allow for another round of betting

before the final community card is flipped up- called ‘the


After the final round of betting, any players who have not

yet folded will reveal their hands. Rules for Texas Holdem

Poker state the winning player is the player with the best

five card combination from their two hold cards and the

five community cards.

As you can see, Texas Holdem Poker Rules are not

difficult. With a little practice you will be well on your

way to becoming proficient at Texas Holdem Poker.

Seven Texas Festivals That Should Be On Your Calendar

Anyone who can take a look at a map of the United States will clearly tell that Texas is massive. If you've ever heard the saying, "Everything's bigger in Texas", it has a lot to do with the physical size of the state, but then again, just about anything you can think of can be "Texas-sized", which includes their festivals.

It seems like an odd thing to imagine a festival being big, but when you have ever heard someone clamoring about a small festival? It does not quite have the same ring to it. Moreover, festival organizers in Texas tend to enjoy the ability to be ambitious with their plans because there do not seem to be physical limitations keeping them in check. This, of course, results in some really great festivals in Texas that set them apart from the rest of the country.

If you've got a hankering for a Texas-sized festival, here are seven Texas festivals you'll love:

Brenham Friendship Quilt Guild "Quilt Show" – For about a quarter century, Brenham, TX has hosted this quilt show with a few hundred visitors. As the arts & crafts scene has exploded, so has the attendance at the show with numbers only trending up.

HEB "Fireworks on the Brazos" – Celebrate the birth of the US in the same place, Washington on the Brazos State Historic Site, "Where Texas Became Texas". It's fun for the whole family.

Chappell Hill Christmas Fayre – For some people, Christmas is an all-year thing, and in Chappell Hill, TX, the Christmas Fayre is star at the top of the tree for celebrating the holidays! Highlights include a teddy bear parade and, of course, hanging out with Santa Claus.

Spirit of Texas Festival in College Station – Enjoy three days of free family fun for all ages. Proceeds from the event go to support local charities. Visitors can enjoy all things Texas, music, art, crafts, and even BBQ & food-truck contests.

Charro Days – Brownsville, TX in the Rio Grande Valley is home to Charro Days. It's considered to be the oldest cultural celebration in the state and provides a unique perspective on the incontrovertible link between Texas & Mexico.

Texas Arts & Music Festival in downtown Brenham, TX – The new kid on the block for festivals on this list, this festival last took place in 2016 and included art walks, street artists, live music, and a film screening. It's small, but what better way for a festival aficionado to get in on the ground floor of something big than to start early in its inception?

South By Southwest (SXSW) – SXSW serves as the example of how a festival can start small & turn into one of the great destinations. Every year, the eyes of the world focus on Austin, TX as it proves to everyone that it really is the "live music capital of the world".

This list of Texas festivals cover quite a lot of ground in terms of diverse offerings, but we've only scratched the surface. With a state as big as Texas, there's something going on almost every week of the year in multiple cities. You may just find that the best way to experience the Lone Star State in all of its glory is by seeing its citizens having fun at a festival the only way they know – Texas-style!

Texas Common Law Marriage

Common law marriage is recognized in a few states, and Texas happens to be one of them. Texas defines it as an informal marriage, rather than common law. Houston divorce lawyers are experienced in both traditional and informal marriage divorutions and can answer any questions you have on this subject. A Houston divorce lawyer understands this unique law and how it is applied in Texas.


Under section 2.401 of the Texas Family Code, an informal marriage can be established either by registering with the county without having a ceremony, or by meeting 3 requirements showing evidence of an agreement to be married; living together in Texas; and representation to others that the parties are wedded.

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In order to register an informal marriage, a declaration approved by the bureau of vital statistics must be signed. Each party must provide proof of age and identity, and state that they are not related to each other in any way. Finally, they must agree to the printed declaration and oath found in section 2.402 of the Family Code. It reads:

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Even if you do not register with a county in Houston, a couple may have a common law marriage if they meet these three requirements:

1. The man and woman agree to be married

2. The man and woman cohabitate in Texas

3. The man and woman hold out to other parties that they are married

Informal nuptials are recognized under Texas law the same as if the couple were formally wedded. This means that common law couples may need Houston divorce lawyers to help them legally end the relationship. Both partners are responsible for debts as well as care and support of any children from the marriage. Therefore, it is important to discuss a possible separation with a Houston divorce lawyer.

A new provision of the Family Code was added in 1995 that states either partner in a common law relationship has two years after separating to file an action to prove that the nuptials did exist. However, even if the time has expired for you to obtain a legal dispute, other measures can be taken to get orders for payment of child support and visitation for children. You should talk to a Houston divorce lawyer about your options.

There are two ways to end an informal marriage. If there have been children or if property and debts remain undivided, you will want to seek advice from a Houston divorce lawyer about a traditional divorce. However, if there are no children or contested property, you can separate; and under the new law, if neither person affirms that a marriage existed within two years of the date when the parties stopped living together in Texas, then it is assumed that the parties never entered into matrimony in the first place. While this does not automatically mean that the matrimony never exists, it does mean that the burden of proof falls on the person trying to prove there was a legitimate common law marriage.

When an informal marriage does exist; either person can file for a formal divorce. It is always advisable to hire a Houston divorce lawyer if there are contested issues involving property, finances or children. In formal divorce agreements, matters such as child support, child custody, and property division will be determined by the court. Thus, it is important to seek the counsel of an experienced Houston divorce lawyer.

Texas Hold Em Cheats – Top 3 Underground Tips That Will Destroy Your Opponents!

Playing Texas Hold Em Poker is increasing in popularity year on year and more people than ever are actually making this a full time income provider!

Others are beginning to see this trend and want to be a part of it, they also wish to make a full-time living from it but do not want to spend years honing their poker skills. What they do instead is look for ways to learn quick, acquiring all the tips, tricks and cheats that are available and known, in order to gain an unfair advantage.

The average poker player usually has 2 options in which to improve their game, very much the same way an athlete chooses to improve their performance, and they have the choice of Steroids or Vitamins. For a Poker player, their options are either to use Tools or Cheats. Most people tend to use numerous tools that are freely available for Poker and are more than adequate to improve their game. But there will always be a few individuals who continuously search for underground Texas Hold Em Cheats, exploring the depths of the poker world and milling around in shadows for that elusive piece of information that gives them a 'perceived edge' over their opponents!

Do these techniques really exist?

Most certainly, and I will disclose some of these Texas hold em cheats within this article! Many people suggest that Poker is all about 'Luck'! I would be inclined to disagree. Yes lady luck does play a significant part of the activity, but it is not necessarily the driving force behind it. There is always an element of chance when it comes to Gambling otherwise it would not be a gamble! Nobody has control over this aspect of the game, but there is another side to the coin … Skill!

So, what percentage is luck and what percentage is skill?

Well, if two players were to play for an infinite amount of time, they'd see the same distribution of starting hands. Now the skilled player is going to win all the money; the losing player is obviously going to lose. So over the long-term, it's a skill game, but over the short-term, there's a large luck factor involved. We are essentially betting money on the turn of a card, so it can not be denied that this is a gambling game. But over the long-term, a skilled player will win the money. As human animals we do not have an infinite amount of time in which to play poker, so I would say 75 percent is skill, 25 percent is luck.

Over a long period every player will get roughly the same distribution of cards. What determines a winner and a loser, is how you play those cards. Do you maximize your edge when you have the best of it, and do you fold and get out when you have the worst of it? Poor players can not do that and good players recognize when to do that and succeed. So you should not fret over a bad beat, which is just a short-term, unlucky phenomenon. You should focus on your skill and your long-term winnings.

Tip 1: One of the top secrets is understanding the 'ODDS'!

One of the best secrets is understanding the odds of the cards being drawn, what I mean by this is that if you have sat in a game for 5 or 6 hours and you just did not get a decent starting hand, do not get too hung up on it because chances are that over time the cards will change and average out.

An example of this is pocket aces; the chances of drawing that first ace are 1 in 13. You know, the number of each 'number card' is 4 divided by the pack '52' the chances of getting that second ace are 3 in 51. You have 51 cards left and of course you've already removed one ace, so you have three remaining. So 3 over 51 decreases to 1 in 17, so 1 in 13 multiplied by 1 in 17, which is the probability of getting an ace and then another ace, is 1 divided by 221.

So the odds of you getting pocket aces are roughly 220 to 1. So your mind tends to focus on those short-term events. Over the long haul, you'll get your favorite hand, pocket aces, roughly every 200 or so hands. So over a long game, things will even out. But your mind tends to focus on the unusual instances. But that's not really what's important.

You may see these odd charts in the books and very few people do this-well, winning players will do this. They'll explore the thinking behind the odds and they understand the simple math. It's fairly simple math. But most people will not even think about how that number came to be, and it's important to do that because then later on you can get a rough idea of ‚Äč‚Äčthese kinds of odds without having to memorize charts.

Similar calculations are the underlying basis for your decision on whether to draw to a straight or draw to a flush. Simply knowing pot odds and simple probability helps you go a long way in beating poker.

Tip 2: Discipline!

So what skills are important for winning poker playing?

Having a basic understanding of math, to understand probability, discipline; forcing yourself to only play hands that have the expectation of winning money on average-being able to read players to some expensive, being able to tell 'is the guy wild', is he betting and raising on any two cards, is he a rock , is he very disciplined and controlled? If a tight old lady raises you, she probably has the goods. But if a crazy gambler raises you, you might want to call him down.

The discipline is good and is something that in all areas of our life is important. In poker, discipline also equals patience. And that's where a lot of people go awry. I know I do. You just get impatient. You just want to play. And if you want to have a winning player, you can not do that. That's where the discipline comes in.

Many of these attributes are all necessary in a game of poker, but not all are deemed to be Texas Hold Em Cheats, they are in fact essential characteristics of a good poker player and are a required necessity to win the game, but they do take time to perfect so again patience is key!

Tip 3: Reading Players!

Do you have 'The Nuts'?

Reading players is incredibly important. It really does make a huge difference when you're playing against someone who only plays top poker and 'has the nuts'. I've had times when friends 'tip me off' of certain tables. They say 'here's a good table, there are loose players', or situations where specific players are actually pointed out, 'watch out for this guy, you just know if he goes in he's only got the nuts'. If you watch guys like this you will see that they are constantly there. He's never going to make a lot of money because he's never going to rake in any big pots the way he plays, but he's consistently going to be a winning player. But for you to win against that player, then you need to know unless you've got the nuts, you better not go against him.

Special Tip: Mix up your play!

If he or she is raising, you really have to consider whether you want to stay in or not. And this is something that I'm learning a lot more as I play a lot of the same players over and over again. And that's a real advantage of playing the same people over and over again, you also have to realize that they're looking at you too, and that's why it's important to 'mix up your play'.